El volum de comerç dels països de la zona euro (EA17) ha augmentat un 12% entre els mesos de juny de 2011 i 2012, segons un informe d’Eurostat publicat ahir mateix. En un moment en que l’activitat econòmica de la zona euro s’està estancant, el comerç exterior apareix com una oportunitat de represa real.
Les exportacions dels països de la zona euro han crescut un 12% de juny a juny de 2011 a 2012, i un 8% el primer semestre de 2012 en relació al mateix període de 2011.
L’economia de la Unió Europea (EU27) s’han contret un 0,2% durant el segon trimestre de 2012 i ha aparegut de nou l’espectre d’una nova recessió. El comerç exterior podria ser una eina útil per reflotar aquesta situació i el conjunt de l’economia. Els principals destinataris dels increments d’exportacions són països de l’Àsia i les economies emergents: Rússia, Corea del Sud, Brasil i Japó.
El dèficit comercial de la Unió Europea (diferencial entre importacions i exportacions) s’ha reduït significativament (el primer semestre de 2012 en relació al primer semestre de 2012 (de 95.400 Me a 60.000 Me).
El resum de l’informe d’Eurostat és la següent:
Euro area international trade in goods surplus of 14.9 bn euro. 0.4 bn euro surplus for EU27
The first estimate for the euro area (1) (EA17) trade in goods balance with the rest of the world in June 2012 gave a 14.9 bn euro surplus, compared with +0.2 bn in June 2011. The May 2012 (2) balance was +7.1 bn, compared with -0.9 bn in May 2011. In June 2012 compared with May 2012, seasonally adjusted exports rose by 2.4% and imports remained almost stable.
The first estimate for the June 2012 extra-EU27 (1) trade in goods balance was a 0.4 bn euro surplus, compared with -15.3 bn in June 2011. In May 2012 the balance was -3.8 bn, compared with -14.2 bn in May 2011. In June 2012 compared with May 2012, seasonally adjusted exports rose by 2.1% and imports by 0.9%.
These data (3) are released by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
EU27 detailed results for January to May 2012
The EU27 deficit for energy increased (-176.6 bn euro in January-May 2012 compared with -156.8 bn in January- May 2011), as did the surplus for manufactured goods (+133.8 bn compared with +90.6 bn).
EU27 exports to most of its major partners grew in January-May 2012 compared with January-May 2011, except for Turkey and India (both -4%). The most notable increases were recorded for exports to Russia (+18%), South Korea (+16%), Brazi (+15%) and Japan (+14%). As regards EU27 imports, the pattern was mixed. The largest increases were recorded for imports from Norway (+12%) and the USA (+9%), and the largest falls with India (-10%) and Japan (-6%).
The EU27 trade surplus increased with the USA (+32.5 bn euro in January-May 2012 compared with +28.2 bn in January-May 2011), but fell with Switzerland (+18.2 bn compared with +19.0 bn) and Turkey (+10.5 bn compared with +11.0 bn). The EU27 trade deficit fell with China (-56.4 bn compared with -62.4 bn), Russia (-42.8 bn compared with -45.3 bn) and Japan (-5.8 bn compared with -10.1 bn), but increased with Norway (-24.8 bn compared with -20.4 bn).
Concerning the total trade of Member States, the largest surplus was observed in Germany (+74.7 bn euro in January-May 2012), followed by the Netherlands (+20.4 bn) and Ireland (+16.9 bn). The United Kingdom (-60.9 bn) registered the largest deficit, followed by France (-36.1 bn) and Spain (-16.8 bn).
1. The euro area (EA17) consists of Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.
The EU27 includes Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
2. Compared with News Release 108/2012 of 16 July 2012, the trade balance for May 2012 has been revised from +6.9 bn euro to +7.1 bn for the EA17 and remains unchanged at -3.8 bn for the EU27.
3. This News Release is based on data available on 10 August 2012. These are provisional figures based on information provided by Member States. They are subject to frequent revision for up to two years after the month in question. Furthermore, national concepts may differ from the harmonised methodology used by Eurostat, leading to differences between figures in this release and those published nationally, both for raw data and for seasonally adjusted series.
4. Since the introduction of Intrastat for intra-EU trade on 1 January 1993, the value of dispatches has been consistently higher than that of arrivals. In theory, as dispatches are declared FOB and arrivals CIF, the value of arrivals should be slightly higher than that of dispatches. Eurostat uses dispatches as the more reliable measure of total intra-EU trade as, at aggregated levels, total dispatches has better coverage than total arrivals. Due to this divergence in intra-EU trade, and to the difficulties of interpreting figures in absolute terms at the level of individual Member States, trade balances for individual Member States must be interpreted with caution. The same caution applies to the trade balance of the euro area, which includes some intra-EU trade.
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